Experimentally approved and validated methods of current generation in a tokamak are injection of neutral beams and using electromagnetic waves. At present, the method of generating current by means of slowed-down high-frequency waves of the lower hybrid (LH) frequency range (Δf ≈ (1-10) GHz) is widely used in traditional type tokamaks (with an aspect ratio of R / a> 2) and has the highest theoretically and experimentally confirmed efficiency. The method is based on the effect of the transmission of a pulse by a slowed-down RF wave in the lower hybrid frequency range to electrons due to Landau damping. As a result, the electron distribution function (EDF) is deformed, which ensures an increase in the total current in the tokamak plasma. This method is still considered as a candidate for the current generation in ITER. In an experiment the loop voltage drop is measured and associated to the level of current drive. As soon as direct measurements of the LH current are not possible the numerical model predicting the level of the LH current and its radial distribution is required. Natalia Teplova will give an insight to physical basics of the lower hybrid current drive in tokamaks, describe the numerical models and show the examples of modeling for tokamaks of traditional type and spherical tokamak Globus-M2.
FusionEPtalks is brought to you by students and researchers involved in the field of nuclear fusion. Our mission is to do student-led webinars, expert talks and panels on the development of nuclear fusion as an energy source that connect scholars, engineers and enthusiasts around the world.