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  • Energy Physics

Aims

Knowledge of the physical principles underlying primary energy resources, their availability and possibility of use. Energy transformations.

Contents

  • Principles of thermodynamics.
  • Technical thermodynamics.
  • Definition of the energy systems and related problems.
  • Dynamics of fluids for energy conversion.
  • Renewable sources of energy: principles, sources and technologies
  • Fossil fuels: formation, reserves, combustion elements and calorific properties
  • Introduction to nuclear energy.
  • Nuclear Fission.
  • Nuclear fusion.

Detailed program

  • Principles of thermodynamics.
  • Technical thermodynamics. Thermodynamic cycles with quantitative examples.
  • Definition of the energy systems and related problems. Evolution of the energy request. Sustainability of energy systems. Capacity Factor, Energy Return On Investments.
  • Greenhouse effect and climate impact of energy production.
  • Dynamics of fluids for energy conversion. Conservation of energy in an ideal fluid, Bernoulli equation, dynamics of a viscous fluid, lift and drag forces, circulation, flow on a wing profile, Euler equation for a turbine.
  • Renewable sources of low-enthalpy thermal energy: solar thermal, geothermal, hydrothermal. Examples, potential availability, lines of technological development
  • Renewable sources of energy of mechanical origin: wind, tides, sea waves. Examples and potential availability, lines of technological development.
  • Hydroelectric energy. Power output from a hydroelectric basin. Impulse turbins and reaction turbines and respective operating ranges
  • Biomass energy. Energy conversion processes of plant biomass. Selection of biomass coltures for energy production.
  • Solar photovoltaic. Generalities on inorganic solar cells. Semiconductors. Silicon cells. Advanced technologies for efficiency optimization
  • Fossil fuels: formation, reserves, combustion elements and calorific properties
  • Introduction to nuclear energy. Binding energy, stability curve, radioactive decay, drop model of the nucleus, hints of the interaction of ionizing radiation with matter.
  • Nuclear Fission. Chain reaction, activation energy, neutronics, reactor kinetics and moderator. Operating diagrams of thermal neutron and fast neutron reactors. Fuel cycle
  • Nuclear fusion. Fusion reactions, hints of thermonuclear plasma physics, inertial confinement of plasma, plasma magnetic confinement, tokamak devices, thermonuclear reactor operation scheme
  • Overview of electricity distribution networks and storage systems.

Energy Physics

Institution (old)
Italy - Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca
Link
Course Type
Course Type
In person
ECTS
ECTS
6 ECTS
Suggested Audience
Suggested Audience
Master
Requirements
Requirements
Thermodynamics, electromagnetism and structure of matter at the level of the Bachelor's degree.