Here you can find FuseNet's archive of educational materials, including courses, books, experiments, multimedia, reviews and theses. To submit learning materials for the repository, go to your Dashboard.

Experiment

Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Hungary

In this experiment, eddies can be induced in electrolytes via an external array of magnets and electrodes.

Book

Despite the often difficult and time-consuming effort of performing experiments with fast (14 MeV) neutrons, these neutrons can offer special insight into nucleus and other materials because of the absence of charge. 14 MeV Neutrons: Physics and Applications explores fast neutrons in basic science and applications to problems in medicine, the environment, and security.
Drawing on his more than 50 years of experience working with 14 MeV neutrons, the author focuses on:
Sources of 14 MeV neutrons, including laboratory size accelerators, small and sealed tube generators, well logging sealed tube accelerators, neutron generators with detection of associated alpha particles, plasma devices, high flux sources, and laser-generated neutron sources
Nuclear reactions with 14 MeV neutrons, including measurements of energy spectra, angular distributions, and deductions of reaction mechanism
Nuclear reactions with three particles in the final state induced by neutrons and the identification of effects of final state interaction, quasi-free scattering, and charge-dependence of nuclear forces
Charged particle and neutron detection methods, particularly position-sensitive detectors
Industrial applications of nuclear analytical methods, especially in the metallurgy and coal industries
Quality assurance and quality control measures for nuclear analytical methods
Nuclear and atomic physics-based technology for combating illicit trafficking and terrorism
Medical applications, including radiography, radiotherapy, in vivo neutron activation analysis, boron neutron therapy, collimated neutron beams, and dosimetry
This book reflects the exciting developments in both fundamental nuclear physics and the application of fast neutrons to many practical problems. The book shows how 14 MeV neutrons are used in materials detection and analysis to effectively inspect large volumes in complex environments.

Multimedia

FusionEP talks 14/11/19: This talk discusses the upgrade of the control system of a 2-D probe at TJ-K. Focus will be on practical issues such as hardware-software compatibility, error propagation in diagnostic devices and different bus-systems in desktop computers.

Book

Our rapidly industrializing world has an insatiable hunger for energy and conventional sources are struggling to meet demand. Oil is running out, coal is damaging our climate, many nations are abandoning nuclear, yet solar, wind, and water will never be a complete replacement. The solution, says Daniel Clery in this deeply researched and revelatory book, is to be found in the original energy source: the Sun itself. There, at its center, the fusion of 620 million tons of hydrogen every second generates an unfathomable amount of energy. By replicating even a tiny piece of the Sun’s power on Earth, we can secure all the heat and energy we would ever need. Nuclear fusion scientists have pursued this simple yet extraordinary ambition for decades. Skeptics say it will never work but, as A Piece of the Sun makes clear, large-scale nuclear fusion is scientifically possible—and has many advantages over other options. Fusion is clean, green and virtually limitless, and Clery argues passionately and eloquently that the only thing keeping us from proving its worth is our politicians’ shortsightedness. The world energy industry is worth trillions of dollars: divert just a tiny fraction of that into researching fusion and we would soon know if it is workable. Timely and authoritative, A Piece of the Sun is a rousing call-to-arms to seize this chance of avoiding the looming energy crisis.

Multimedia

FusionEP talks 16/05/19: This talk discusses simulations of a potential hydrogen trap for use in purifying the liquid lithium loop of the neutron irradiation facility IFMIF.

Book

Proceedings of the International Conference on Advanced Diagnostics for Magnetic and Inertial Fusion, held September 3-7, 2001 at Villa Monastero, Varenna, Italy. This volume focuses on future diagnostic requirements for fusion energy research, emphasizing advanced diagnostics, new techniques and areas where further progress is required.

Book

This book describes the advanced stability theories for magnetically confined fusion plasmas, especially in tokamaks. As the fusion plasma sciences advance, the gap between the textbooks and cutting-edge researches gradually develops. This book fills in this gap. It focuses on the advanced topics such as the spectrum of magnetohydrodynamics in tokamaks, the interchange modes, ballooning modes, and toroidal Alfvén eigenmodes, etc. in the toroidal geometry. The theories are laid out in parallel with magnetohydrodynamic (both ideal and resistive) and gyrokinetic formalisms.
It details the derivations of the advanced stability theories in this field, such as the ballooning mode representation, the resistive magnetohydrodynamics singular layer theory by A. Glasser, et al. and the gyrokinetic theory. Special efforts are made to explain how the physics problems are formulated mathematically and how to solve them analytically or semi-analytically. Besides the advanced theories, the book also discusses the intuitive physics pictures for various experimentally observed phenomena, such as the confinement modes (L-, I-, and H-modes), the transport barrier, nonlocal transport, edge localized modes, blob transport, edge harmonic oscillations, etc.

Experiment

Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Romania

This lab is used for training and education by local bachelor, master, and high school students.

Multimedia

FusionEP talks 04/04/19: Machine learning provides powerful tools to make artificial systems learn by themselves. Find out how and where to use it and learn about its applications to the world of nuclear fusion.

Course

6 ECTS

Italy - Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca

The aim of the course is to understand the role of the neutron in Physics and its importance in some of today's applications. In addition, the course aims to describe the physics principle on which the detection of neutrons is based

Multimedia

FusionEP talks 22/08/19: The automated detection of ELMs using a threshold-algorithm, the basics of information geometry and the classification of ELMs in different types will all be presented.

Experiment

Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Germany

Students can use a single Langmuir probe to determine the electron temperature and density in a glow discharge.

Course

2 ECTS

the Netherlands - Eindhoven University of Technology

This course discusses the state-of-the-art techniques to control or suppress magnetic instabilities in fusion plasmas.

Controlled Thermonuclear Fusion
Siem van Limpt
Fri, 10/09/2015 - 14:44

1

Experiment

EPFL - Swiss Plasma Center, Switzerland

Read about opportunities for graduate students to work on one of two fusion devices hosted at this institute.

Multimedia

FusionEP talks 07/03/19: This talk discusses the effect of bootstrap current on the MHD equilibrium in the ESTELL device. It also analyses the role of radial electric fields in creating the bootstrap current.

Multimedia

FusionEP talks 30/04/20: In this talk, the speaker illustrates with a number of applications some recent developments in the relatively new field of Fusion Data Science.

Multimedia

FusionEP talks 05/09/19: This talk discusses critical design issues, a technology analysis, the best choice candidates for a deuterium-tritium injector for DEMO.

Multimedia

**Doing scientific research is like planting a walnut seed - TEDxVarese**

Multimedia

FusionEP talks 24/01/19: A Master's student presents his work on investigating the effect of fast ion losses using simulations. Methods for diagnosing these effects are also discussed.

Multimedia

FusionEP talks 28/11/19: This talk discusses the impact of electron temperature fluctuations on electron thermal transport, to answer the question whether ETG is a dominant turbulence mechanism or not.

Energy from the Nucleus: The Science and Engineering of Fission and Fusion (World Scientific Series in Current Energy Issues)
Siem van Limpt
Fri, 10/09/2015 - 13:48

1

Course

6 ECTS

Italy - Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca

A course on knowledge of the physical principles underlying primary energy resources, their availability and possibility of use. Also includes energy transformations.

Book

Developed from the Global Foundation's International Conference on Environment and Nuclear Energy, held in October 1997, this volume examines the impact of nuclear energy on regional and global environmental issues under a variety of scenarios. These include competition in deregulated energy environments, constraints levied upon use of fossil energy, and possible expansion of nuclear power into energy sectors beyond the generation of electricity, process heat, and fuels production. It also assesses the overall role of nuclear energy in meeting future energy needs arising from growing world populations and economic development.

Course

8 ECTS

Italy - Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca

This course aims to give students the skills to plan and to implement a suitable diagnostics to perform basic measurements on laboratory plasmas in the linear, magnetically confined device GyM (IFP-CNR), operating to study plasma turbulence.

Multimedia

FusionEP talks 06/06/19: An introduction to plasma equilibrium theory for tokamaks and stellarators; basic code classification and the importance of various various types of code with an emphasis on applications.

Book

This book deals with multigigawatt, ultrashort pulse power system design, beginning with the design of individual components such as impulse generators/pulse forming lines/closing and opening switches/capacitor banks. This cannot be achieved without knowledge of techniques of electrical breakdown in different mediums, voltage and current measurement and EMI/EMC.

Book

This book reviews recent progress in our understanding of tokamak physics related to steady state operation, and addresses the scientific feasibility of a steady state tokamak fusion power system. It covers the physical principles behind continuous tokamak operation and details the challenges remaining and new lines of research towards the realization of such a system. Following a short introduction to tokamak physics and the fundamentals of steady state operation, later chapters cover parallel and perpendicular transport in tokamaks, MHD instabilities in advanced tokamak regimes, control issues, and SOL and divertor plasmas. A final chapter reviews key enabling technologies for steady state reactors, including negative ion source and NBI systems, Gyrotron and ECRF systems, superconductor and magnet systems, and structural materials for reactors.The tokamak has demonstrated an excellent plasma confinement capability with its symmetry, but has an intrinsic drawback with its pulsed operation with inductive operation. Efforts have been made over the last 20 years to realize steady state operation, most promisingly utilizing bootstrap current.Frontiers in Fusion Research II: Introduction to Modern Tokamak Physics will be of interest to graduate students and researchers involved in all aspects of tokamak science and technology.

Book

This book discusses the fun side of the quest to develop fusion energy-a modern equivalent of the hunt for the Holy Grail. After more than 70 years of research, despite great progress, the goal has not been realized. Do you have to be crazy to love quests like this? Not really, but you do have to have an unshakeable optimism. Through humorous anecdotes, and accessible yet detailed scientific discussion, this book illuminates the enjoyment of scientific research through an account of fifty years working on fusion energy development. The anecdotes bring out the human side of research, in which innovative and sometimes egocentric scientists create both clever and nutty experiments. Among the many stories within are witchcraft at Harwell, shocking experiences, entertaining talks, and the wit of top scientists such as Marshall Rosenbluth. Above all the book highlights the significant advances made in developing practical fusion energy and the promise for an exciting future with the National Ignition Facility and International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor.
Readership: This book will be of interest to physicists as well as other students and researchers in the scientific and wider communities. It shows the exciting and fun aspects of science research. Author has spent 54 years working in the area, offering key insights on the history of fusion. Clear, detailed explanations of fusion energy are supplied, helping non-science readers understand the area.

Book

This book is primarily intended to enable postgraduate research students to enhance their understanding and expertise in Fluid Mechanics and Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), subjects no longer treated in isolation. The exercises throughout the book often serve to provide additional and quite significant knowledge or to develop selected mathematical skills, and may also fill in certain details or enhance readers’ understanding of essential concepts. A previous background or some preliminary reading in either of the two core subjects would be advantageous, and prior knowledge of multivariate calculus and differential equations is expected.

Book

Fundamentals of Plasma Physics is a general introduction designed to present a comprehensive, logical and unified treatment of the fundamentals of plasma physics based on statistical kinetic theory, with applications to a variety of important plasma phenomena. Its clarity and completeness makes the text suitable for self-learning and for self-paced courses. Throughout the text the emphasis is on clarity, rather than formality, the various derivations are explained in detail and, wherever possible, the physical interpretations are emphasized. The mathematical treatment is set out in great detail, carrying out the steps which are usually left to the reader. The problems form an integral part of the text and most of them were designed in such a way as to provide a guideline, stating intermediate steps with answers.

Book

Billions of dollars have been spent and hundreds of reactors have been built, but not a watt of usable power has been produced by a controlled fusion device. Unlike fission systems, precise prediction of fusion system behavior by mathematical means has proven difficult. Still, the advantages of this ultimate source of limitless power are too great to abandon. As energy problems of the world grow, work toward fusion power continues at a greater pace than ever before.The topic of fusion is one that is often met with the most recognition and interest in the nuclear power arena.
Written in clear and jargon-free prose, Fusion explores the big bang of creation to the blackout death of worn-out stars. A brief history of fusion research, beginning with the first tentative theories in the early 20th century, is also discussed, as well as the race for fusion power. This brand-new, full-color resource examines the various programs currently being funded or planned as well as the reality of fusion power and the magnitude of the challenge for future scientists and engineers.

Fusion Energy and Power: Applications, Technologies and Challenges
Bram Wolf
Wed, 03/18/2015 - 13:03

1

Multimedia

Introductory Fusion lecture series given virtually from University of Stuttgart. Provides an overview of key concepts in fusion such as the Lawson criterion and magnetic field configurations as well as discussing topics such as history of fusion and Stellarators.

Course

5 ECTS

the Netherlands - Eindhoven University of Technology

This course provides a broad introduction to fusion physics and lays the foundation for other lecture courses in this field.

Book

Filling a gap in the literature, this introduction to the topic covers the physics of the standard microwave diagnostics established on modern fusion experiments, and the necessary technological background from the field of microwave engineering. Written by well-known mm-wave diagnosticians in the field of fusion physics, the textbook includes such major diagnostic techniques as electron cyclotron emission, interferometry, reflectometry, polarimetry, and scattering.

Book

Considering the worldwide increase of interest in fusion research over the last decade - the recognition that a large number of new, environmentally attractive, sustainable energy sources will be needed to meet ever-increasing demands for electrical energy, is obvious. This book serves up the latest interest in alternative energy.Based on a series of graduate course notes in plasma physics and fusion energy at MIT, the text begins with an overview of world energy needs, current methods of energy generation, and the potential role that fusion may play in the future. It covers energy issues such as the production of fusion power, power balance, the design of a simple fusion reactor, and the basic plasma physics issues faced by the developers of fusion power.This book is suitable for graduate students and researchers working in applied physics and nuclear engineering.

Course

5 ECTS

the Netherlands - Eindhoven University of Technology

This course treats plasma-edge physics and the extreme material challenges in fusion energy.

Book

This second edition of a popular textbook is thoroughly revised with around 25% new and updated content. It provides an introduction to both plasma physics and fusion technology at a level that can be understood by advanced undergraduates and graduate students in the physical sciences and related engineering disciplines.As such, the contents cover various plasma confinement concepts, the support technologies needed to confine the plasma, and the designs of ITER as well as future fusion reactors. With end of chapter problems for use in courses.

Experiment

Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands

This experiment can offer insight into fusion reactions and diagnostic techniques, as well as serve as a neutron source.

Experiment

Czech Technical University in Prague, Czech Republic

GOLEM is a small-sized tokamak device equipped with basic controls and diagnostics and full remote control capability for educational purposes.

Course

5 ECTS

the Netherlands - Eindhoven University of Technology

This course introduces the necessary tools, and teaches the physics and technical aspects of state-of-the-art heating and diagnosing methods in nuclear fusion research.

Multimedia

FusionEP talks 12/03/20: This talk gives a basic description of helicon plasmas and their applications. The speaker also describes some of the latest results obtained by the helicon source facility at Max-Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Garching.

Multimedia

FusionEP talks 20/12/18: An introduction to the DEMO Fuel Cycle, where the super-permeation effect fits through the Metal Foil Pump as part of the Direct Internal Recycling concept.

Ideal MHD
Bram Wolf
Tue, 08/19/2014 - 17:23

1

Book

This book provides readers with an introductory understanding of Inertial Electrostatic Confinement (IEC), a type of fusion meant to retain plasma using an electrostatic field. IEC provides a unique approach for plasma confinement, as it offers a number of spin-off applications, such as a small neutron source for Neutron Activity Analysis (NAA), that all work towards creating fusion power. The IEC has been identified in recent times as an ideal fusion power unit because of its ability to burn aneutronic fuels like p-B11 as a result of its non-Maxwellian plasma dominated by beam-like ions. This type of fusion also takes place in a simple mechanical structure small in size, which also contributes to its viability as a source of power. This book posits that the ability to study the physics of IEC in very small volume plasmas makes it possible to rapidly investigate a design to create a power-producing device on a much larger scale. Along with this hypothesis the book also includes a conceptual experiment proposed for demonstrating breakeven conditions for using p-B11 in a hydrogen plasma simulation.This book also:Offers an in-depth look, from introductory basics to experimental simulation, of Inertial Electrostatic Confinement, an emerging method for generating fusion powerDiscusses how the Inertial Electrostatic Confinement method can be applied to other applications besides fusion through theoretical experiments in the textDetails the study of the physics of Inertial Electrostatic Confinement in small-volume plasmas and suggests that their rapid reproduction could lead to the creation of a large-scale power-producing devicePerfect for researchers and students working with nuclear fusion, Inertial Electrostatic Confinement (IEC) Fusion: Fundamentals and Applications also offers the current experimental status of IEC research, details supporting theories in the field and introduces other potential applications that stem from IEC.

Experiment

With the only operational Q-machine in Europe, students can investigate an extremely quiescent alkaline plasma as well as various instabilities.

Book

This complete introduction to plasma physics and controlled fusion by one of the pioneering scientists in this expanding field offers both a simple and intuitive discussion of the basic concepts of this subject and an insight into the challenging problems of current research. The work covers single-particle motions, fluid equations for plasmas, wave motions, diffusion and resistivity, Landau damping, plasma instabilities and nonlinear problems. For students, this text book offers a good introduction to the field; for teachers, a large collection of problems; and for researchers, a concise review of the fundamentals. This revised edition contains new material on kinetic effects, including Bernstein waves and the plasma dispersion function, and on nonlinear wave equations and solitons. For the third edition, updates was made throughout each existing chapter, and two new chapters were added; Ch 9 on “Special Plasmas” and Ch 10 on Plasma Applications (including Atmospheric Plasmas).
Click here to go to Springer's webpage about this book.

Book

Introduction to Plasmas and Plasma Dynamics provides an accessible introduction to the understanding of high temperature, ionized gases necessary to conduct research and develop applications related to plasmas. While standard presentations of introductory material emphasize physics and the theoretical basis of the topics, this text acquaints the reader with the context of the basic information and presents the fundamental knowledge required for advanced work or study.The book relates theory to relevant devices and mechanisms, presenting a clear outline of analysis and mathematical detail; it highlights the significance of the concepts with reviews of recent applications and trends in plasma engineering, including topics of plasma formation and magnetic fusion, plasma thrusters and space propulsion.Presents the essential principles of plasma dynamics needed for effective research and development work in plasma applicationsEmphasizes physical understanding and supporting theoretical foundation with reference to their utilization in devices, mechanisms and phenomenaCovers a range of applications, including energy conversion, space propulsion, magnetic fusion, and space physics.

Experiment

Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Germany

The IPP RF laboratory consists of a series of experiments aiming at familiarizing students with high frequency transmission lines and high power radio frequency technology.

Multimedia

Take a look at the ITER construction site from above and appreciate the scale of the project.

ITER Physics
Siem van Limpt
Fri, 10/09/2015 - 14:39

1

Book

ITER: The Giant Fusion Reactor is the first book to present an insider's view on the ITER fusion reactor project in southern France. Aimed at bringing the “energy of the stars” to earth, ITER - funded by the major economic powers China, the EU, India, Japan, Korea, Russia and the US - sees its budget grow as delays continue to accumulate.
The writer, Michel Claessens, head of communication and external relations of the ITER project from 2011 to 2016, offers readers a unique behind-the-scenes look at this controversial project and introduces them to a world of superlatives: with the largest magnets in the world, the biggest cryogenic plant and tremendous computing power, ITER is one of the most fascinating, international, scientific and technological endeavours of our time.

Multimedia

FusionEP talks 17/10/19: This talk will tackle the importance of keeping fusion machines “clean” before and during plasma operations. This includes discussions of sources and effects of impurities, as well as wall conditioning techniques.

Course

10 ECTS

Italy - Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca

The course aims to train students in their experimental skills in plasma physics.

Course

6 ECTS

Italy - Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca

The course aims at teaching the general ideas and experimental tecniques for the characterization of electrical discharges in gas mixtures and their use in material processing.

Experiment

University of Stuttgart, Germany

Two different types of electrical probes, the single Langmuir probe and the double Langmuir probe, are used to investigate the plasma parameters in a glow discharge depending on external control parameters.

Experiment

University of Lisbon - IST, Portugal

Read about the remote framework at the Instituto Superior Técnico for completing plasma experiments.

Multimedia

FusionEP talks 21/03/19: This talk presents the effects of different cable geometries and void fractions, as well as their pros and cons in fusion applications.

Book

This book broadens the knowledge of researchers working in high power laser-plasma science by providing them with a thorough pedagogical grounding in the interaction of laser radiation with matter, laser-plasma accelerators and inertial confinement fusion.

Multimedia

FusionEP talks 20/02/20: This talk discusses work done to recreate a physics-based turbulent transport code, QuaLiKiz, using Neural Nets, as a way to speed up computation time without losing accuracy.

Course

5 ECTS

the Netherlands - Eindhoven University of Technology

This course treats a phenomenological description and a self-consistent MHD description of fusion plasmas and their confinement.

Book

Magnetic Fusion Technology describes the technologies that are required for successful development of nuclear fusion power plants using strong magnetic fields. These technologies include:• magnet systems, • plasma heating systems, • control systems, • energy conversion systems, • advanced materials development, • vacuum systems, • cryogenic systems, • plasma diagnostics, • safety systems, and • power plant design studies. Magnetic Fusion Technology will be useful to students and to specialists working in energy research.

Multimedia

FusionEP talks 06/02/20: This talk discusses an investigation, via GENE-3D, into the effects of ELM-suppressing magnetic perturbations on turbulence.

Book

This is the first book to systematically consider the modern aspects of chaotic dynamics of magnetic field lines and charged particles in magnetically confined fusion plasmas. The analytical models describing the generic features of equilibrium magnetic fields and magnetic perturbations in modern fusion devices are presented. It describes mathematical and physical aspects of onset of chaos, generic properties of the structure of stochastic magnetic fields, transport of charged particles in tokamaks induced by magnetic perturbations, new aspects of particle turbulent transport, etc. The presentation is based on the classical and new unique mathematical tools of Hamiltonian dynamics, like the action--angle formalism, classical perturbation theory, canonical transformations of variables, symplectic mappings, the Poincaré-Melnikov integrals. They are extensively used for analytical studies as well as for numerical simulations of magnetic field lines, particle dynamics, their spatial structures and statistical properties. The numerous references to articles on the latest development in the area are provided. The book is intended for graduate students and researchers who interested in the modern problems of magnetic stochasticity in magnetically confined fusion plasmas. It is also useful for physicists and mathematicians interested in new methods of Hamiltonian dynamics and their applications.

Course

8 ECTS

Italy - Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca

The course aims to provide students with the basic notions regarding the definitions and the fundamental results for a geometric and topological approach to the study of classical field theory, with particular emphasis on classical vortex dynamics, ideal magnetohydrodynamics and quantum hydrodynamics.

Experiment

University of Stuttgart, Germany

In this experiment, basic wave phenomena like ion acoustic waves and the transition of these waves into the non-linear regime can be investigated.

Book

Nuclear Energy is one of the most popular texts ever published on basic nuclear physics, systems, and applications of nuclear energy. This newest edition continues the tradition of offering a holistic treatment of everything the undergraduate engineering student needs to know in a clear and accessible way. Presented is a comprehensive overview of radioactivity, radiation protection, nuclear reactors, waste disposal, and nuclear medicine.• New coverage on nuclear safety concerns following 9/11, including radiation and terrorism, nuclear plant security, and use of nuclear techniques to detect weapons materials • New facts on nuclear waste management, including the Yucca Mountain repository• New developments in the use of nuclear-powered systems for generating cheap and abundant hydrogen from water using nuclear technology • New information on prospects for new nuclear power reactors and their applications for electricity and desalination • New end-of-chapter Exercises and Answers, lists of Internet resources, and updated references.• New instructor web site including Solutions to Exercises and PowerPoint slides• New student web site containing computer programs for use with Computer Exercises

Book

This textbook covers the core subjects of nuclear engineering. Developed to meet the needs of today's students and nuclear power plant operators, the text establishes a framework for the various areas of knowledge that comprise the field and explains rather than just defines the relevant physical phenomena. For today's engineer the principal analytical design tool is the personal computer. The text takes advantage of this recent development. PC programs are provided which either expand the computational range accessible to the student, or serve to illustrate the relevant physical phenomena. Some of the included programs are simplified versions of computational procedures used in the field and can be used as training tool for design calculations. The text devotes special attention to subjects which have an impact on the safe operation of nuclear power reactors. This includes the design of safety optimized core configurations, the physical mechanisms underlying the various reactivity coefficients, and the calibration procedures for control rods. A final chapter is devoted to the licensing and safety evaluation of power reactors.

Nuclear Fusion - Bringing the Sun to Earth
Bram Wolf
Sun, 08/24/2014 - 23:35

Nuclear Fusion with Polarized Fuel
Rion Barrois
Tue, 10/04/2016 - 15:57

1

Multimedia

FusionEP talks 11/05/20: this talk discusses the benefits of a certain type of wall treatment, involving both boron and lithium deposition. Lifetime, resilience, and hydrogen retention of this method are discusses.

Book

Low-temperature radio frequency plasmas are essential in various sectors of advanced technology, from micro-engineering to spacecraft propulsion systems and efficient sources of light. The subject lies at the complex interfaces between physics, chemistry and engineering. Focusing mostly on physics, this book will interest graduate students and researchers in applied physics and electrical engineering. The book incorporates a cutting-edge perspective on RF plasmas. It also covers basic plasma physics including transport in bounded plasmas and electrical diagnostics. Its pedagogic style engages readers, helping them to develop physical arguments and mathematical analyses. Worked examples apply the theories covered to realistic scenarios, and over 100 in-text questions let readers put their newly acquired knowledge to use and gain confidence in applying physics to real laboratory situations.

Course

6 ECTS

Italy - Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca

This course aims to teach the principles of plasma physics, including kinetic and fluid models, plasma-wave interaction, magnetohydrodynamics, and applications of plasmas.

Course

6 ECTS

Italy - Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca

The course aims at providing the students with an introduction to plasma physics and thermonuclear fusion.

Book

The primary objectives of this book are, firstly, to present the essential theoretical background needed to understand recent fusion research and, secondly, to describe the current status of fusion research for graduate students and senior undergraduates. It will also serve as a useful reference for scientists and engineers working in the related fields. In Part I, Plasma Physics, the author explains the basics of magneto-hydrodynamics and kinetic theory in a simple and compact way and, at the same time, covers important new topics for fusion studies such as the ballooning representation, instabilities driven by energetic particles and various plasma models for computer simulations. Part II, Controlled Nuclear Fusion, attempts to review the "big picture" in fusion research. All important phenomena and technologies are addressed, with a particular emphasis on the topics of most concern in current research.

Book

Considering the worldwide increase of interest in fusion research over the last decade - the recognition that a large number of new, environmentally attractive, sustainable energy sources will be needed to meet ever-increasing demands for electrical energy, is obvious.This book serves up the latest interest in alternative energy. Based on a series of graduate course notes in plasma physics and fusion energy at MIT, the text begins with an overview of world energy needs, current methods of energy generation, and the potential role that fusion may play in the future. It covers energy issues such as the production of fusion power, power balance, the design of a simple fusion reactor, and the basic plasma physics issues faced by the developers of fusion power.This book is suitable for graduate students and researchers working in applied physics and nuclear engineering.

Plasma Physics and Fusion Energy
Bram Wolf
Tue, 07/22/2014 - 22:02

2

Book

This complete introduction to plasma physics and controlled fusion by one of the pioneering scientists in this expanding field offers both a simple and intuitive discussion of the basic concepts of this subject and an insight into the challenging problems of current research. In a wholly lucid manner the work covers single-particle motions, fluid equations for plasmas, wave motions, diffusion and resistivity, Landau damping, plasma instabilities and nonlinear problems.For students, this outstanding text offers a painless introduction to this important field; for teachers, a large collection of problems; and for researchers, a concise review of the fundamentals as well as original treatments of a number of topics never before explained so clearly.This revised edition contains new material on kinetic effects, including Bernstein waves and the plasma dispersion function, and on nonlinear wave equations and solitons.

Course

8 ECTS

Italy - Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca

The aim of the course is to give students the skills to plan and to implement a suitable diagnostics to perform basic measurements on laboratory plasmas in linear device to be used to generate plasma.

Course

Switzerland - Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Learn about plasma applications from nuclear fusion powering the sun, to making integrated circuits, to generating electricity.

Course

Switzerland - Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Learn the basics of plasma, one of the fundamental states of matter, and the different types of models used to describe it, including fluid and kinetic.

Experiment

Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands

This lab consists of 10 different plasma experiments as part of the university's programme 'Science and Technology of Nuclear Fusion'.

Experiment

Ghent University, Belgium

With FuseNet funding, this university now hosts a number of hands-on experiments with access provided to local and Erasmus students.

Multimedia

PlasmaPy is an open source community-developed Python package for plasma physics. It contains functionality such as a plasma formulary, dispersion function analysis, and Thomson scattering, and is always being expanded.

Multimedia

The summer 2020 edition of Princeton's series of fusion and plasma physics lectures, part of their summer internship program, was conducted fully online. Lectures cover a wide variety of topics from tokamak concepts, intertial fusion, to low-temperature plasmas.

Multimedia

FusionEP talks 18/06/20: This talk gives a high-level overview of work done to demonstrate through simulations, theoretical analysis, and experimentation, that protons could play a pivotal role in predicting fusion material performance.

Book

This textbook identifies three distinct themes in the study of fusion energy: firstly preliminary and introductory topics; secondly an analysis of magnetically confined, inertially confined and low-temperature fusion energy concepts; and finally a consideration of selected conceptual and technological subjects germane to the continuing development of fusion energy systems.

Principles of Plasma Diagnostics
Bram Wolf
Tue, 07/22/2014 - 22:23

2

Multimedia

(German Language Video) Director of the Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics at Garching, Germany, Prof. Hartmut Zohm gives a lecture on how a fusion power plant should be implemented, and current steps being taken to achieve this.

Book

This complete introduction to the use of modern ray tracing techniques in plasma physics describes the powerful mathematical methods generally applicable to vector wave equations in non-uniform media, and clearly demonstrates the application of these methods to simplify and solve important problems in plasma wave theory. Key analytical concepts are carefully introduced as needed, encouraging the development of a visual intuition for the underlying methodology, with more advanced mathematical concepts succinctly explained in the appendices, and supporting Matlab and Raycon code available online. Covering variational principles, covariant formulations, caustics, tunnelling, mode conversion, weak dissipation, wave emission from coherent sources, incoherent wave fields, and collective wave absorption and emission, all within an accessible framework using standard plasma physics notation, this is an invaluable resource for graduate students and researchers in plasma physics.

Experiment

Take full remote-control of a linear plasma generator and explore tutorials and explanations about the plasma behavior, including step-by-step instructions to create your own Paschen curve!

Multimedia

FusionEP talks 30/06/20: This talk discusses the major off-site hazards related to commercial fusion technology, what regulatory tools can be used to demonstrate the safety of fusion technology, and how these regulations could affect the design of future fusion power plants.

Multimedia

FusionEP talks 18/04/19: An introduction to runaway electron theory, experiments and the challenges facing ITER.

Search for the Ultimate Energy Source: A History of the U.S. Fusion Energy Program (Green Energy and Technology)
Bram Wolf
Sun, 08/24/2014 - 23:19

2013

Book

In this monograph the author presents the Canonical Profile Transport Model or CPTM as a rather general mathematical framework to simulate plasma discharges.The description of hot plasmas in a magnetic fusion device is a very challenging task and many plasma properties still lack a physical explanation. One important property is plasma self-organization.It is very well known from experiments that the radial profile of the plasma pressure and temperature remains rather unaffected by changes of the deposited power or plasma density. The attractiveness of the CPTM is that it includes the effect of self-organization in the mathematical model without having to recur to particular physical mechanisms.The CPTM model contains one dimensional transport equations for ion and electron temperatures, plasma density and toroidal rotation velocity. These equations are well established and in fact are essentially a reformulation the laws of energy, particle and momentum conservation. But the expressions for the energy and particle fluxes, including certain critical gradients, are new. These critical gradients can be determined using the concept of canonical profiles for the first time formulated in great detail in the book. This concept represents a totally new approach to the description of transport in plasmas. Mathematically, the canonical profiles are formulated as a variational problem. To describe the temporal evolution of the plasma profiles, the Euler equation defining the canonical profiles is solved together with the transport equations at each time step. The author shows that in this way it is possible to describe very different operational scenarios in tokamaks (L-Mode, H-Mode, Advanced Modes, Radiating Improved Modes etc…), using one unique principle.The author illustrates the application of this principle to the simulation of plasmas on leading tokamak devices in the world (JET, MAST, T-10, DIII-D, ASDEX-U, JT-60U). In all cases the small differences between the calculated profiles for the ion and electron temperatures and the experimental is rather confirm the validity of the CPTM. In addition, the model also describes the temperature and density pedestals in the H-mode and non steady-state regimes with current and density ramp up. The proposed model therefore provides a very useful mathematical tool for the analysis of experimental results and for the prediction of plasma parameters in future experiments.

Experiment

Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski, Bulgaria

Read about the opportunities for hands-on work with plasmas at Sofia University in their Fusion master programme.

Multimedia

FusionEP talks 28/05/20: this talk introduces the neural network solvers for partial differential fluid equations, as well as demonstrates how these solvers are particularly efficient in data-starved physical scenarios.

Experiment

Read about the operation of this device, its capabilities, as well as opportunities for bachelor, master, or doctoral theses.

Book

By the age of 9, Taylor Wilson had mastered the science of rocket propulsion. At 11, his grandmother's cancer diagnosis drove him to investigate new ways to produce medical isotopes. And by 14, Wilson had built a 500-million-degree reactor and become the youngest person in history to achieve nuclear fusion. How could someone so young achieve so much, and what can Wilson's story teach parents and teachers about how to support high-achieving kids?
In The Boy Who Played with Fusion, science journalist Tom Clynes narrates Taylor Wilson’s extraordinary journey — from his Arkansas home where his parents fully supported his intellectual passions, to a unique Reno, Nevada, public high school just for academic superstars, to the present, when now-19-year-old Wilson is winning international science competitions with devices designed to prevent terrorists from shipping radioactive material into the country. Along the way, Clynes reveals how our education system short-changes gifted students, and what we can do to fix it.

Multimedia

FusionEP talks 30/01/20: This talk discusses the features and open questions about the I-mode regime.

Book

The Physics of Plasmas provides a comprehensive introduction to the subject, illustrating the basic theory with examples drawn from fusion, space and astrophysical plasmas. Various aspects of plasma physics are discussed, beginning with particle orbit theory, and including fluid equations, a variety of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) models, wave equations and kinetic theory. The relationships between these distinct approaches are discussed. In this way, the reader gains a firm grounding in the fundamentals, leading to an understanding of some of the more specialized topics. Throughout the text, there is an emphasis on the physical interpretation of plasma phenomena; Exercises are included.

Book

This graduate level textbook develops the theory of magnetically confined plasma, with the aim of bringing the reader to the level of current research in the field of thermonuclear fusion. It begins with the basic concepts of magnetic field description, plasma equilibria and stability, and goes on to derive the equations for guiding center particle motion in an equilibrium field. Topics include linear and nonlinear ideal and resistive modes and particle transport. It is of use to workers in the field of fusion both for its wide-ranging account of tokamak physics and as a kind of handbook or formulary.This edition has been extended in a number of ways. The material on mode-particle interactions has been reformulated and much new information added, including methodology for Monte Carlo implementation of mode destabilization. These results give explicit means of carrying out mode destabilization analysis, in particular for the dangerous fishbone mode. A new chapter on cyclotron motion in toroidal geometry has been added, with comparisons of the analysis of resonances using guiding center results. A new chapter on the use of lithium lined walls has been added, a promising means of lowering the complexity and cost of full scale fusion reactors. A section on nonlocal transport has been added, including an analysis of Levy flight simulations of ion transport in the reversed field pinch in Padova, RFX.Readership: Graduate students and researchers in the field of thermonuclear fusion.

Multimedia

FusionEP talks 02/05/19: Disruptions overview including phases, causes, consequences and mitigation. Discussion of asymmetrical disruptions on COMPASS.

Book

The tokamak is the principal tool in controlled fusion research. This book serves as an introduction to the subject and a basic reference for theory, definitions, equations, and experimental results. This second edition covers advances in the field as well as the extensive experimental progress in the ten years since the first edition was published.

Experiment

Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique, France

One of the largest tokamaks in the world, this device also boasts the only set of actively-cooled plasma-facing components.

Experiment

Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, Italy

In this low-temperature device, master and doctoral students can explore turbulence, transport, plasma-wave interactions, and more.

Multimedia

FusionEP talks 09/07/20: This talk discusses thermokinetic models for estimating hydrogen retention in components. A particular focus is made on the ITER divertor and tungsten monoblocks.

Multimedia

FusionEP talks 07/30/20: In this special "masterclass," Prof. Raul Sanchez of UC3M discusses complex transport behaviour, implications for plasma confinement, and how these kind of regimes might be more properly modelled.

Book

The book explains how magnetized plasmas self-organize in states of electromagnetic turbulence that transports particles and energy out of the core plasma faster than anticipated by the fusion scientists designing magnetic confinement systems in the 20th century. It describes theory, experiments and simulations in a unified and up-to-date presentation of the issues of achieving nuclear fusion power.Readership: Graduate students, researchers and academics interested in confinement of plasmas, instabilities, transport and turbulence in plasmas.

Experiment

Take control of a virtual tokamak and explore effects of plasma shaping, heating power, density, and more on machine performance.